Tree Surgeons Yapton

Yapton Tree Surgery and Tree Care

Yapton Tree Surgeons (BN18) West Sussex: If your garden in Yapton has got trees, their safe care and management is your responsibility. All trees on your property should be inspected regularly by a qualified arborist or tree care professional to make certain that they are properly maintained and in sound condition. You could face legal action and probably a significant fine should a tree in your garden cause an injury to a member of the public or a visitor.

Yapton Tree Surgeons Quotes

A tree surgeon is a skilled tradesman who is trained in the art of arboriculture. A tree surgeon in Yapton can accomplish all types of work from complex tree surgery projects to the care of other plant varieties. It could be worthwhile getting a tree surgery quotation from a professional Yapton tree surgeon, if you require work on any of your trees or shrubs which is beyond the skillset of yourself or a gardener.

Specialist Tree Surgeon Yapton West Sussex

This is quite specialised work which calls for an extensive knowledge of trees, plants and the problems and diseases they can suffer from, and a good deal of training is necessary to master it.

An experienced Yapton tree surgeon will be able to give you guidance and advice on the most effective steps to take to take, if you ever have an issue with your shrubs or trees. Some of the things they could advise on, and some of the problems that you may come across include:

Tree Pruning & Felling: If you have a tree whose branches are causing a hazard by overhanging too much or getting too near to power lines, or that's growing too close to a dwelling in Yapton, obtaining a tree surgery estimate is a must. For a person without the required skills, these are jobs that shouldn't be attempted.

Certified Tree Surgeons Yapton (01243)

You may not only severely injure yourself or other people in so doing, you could also further harm the tree. It is also worth bringing in a tree surgeon to trim trees that overhang public paths and roads, to remove the possible risk of branches breaking off and causing damage or injury.

The Treatment of Infections and Bacteria: This is one of the areas where specialist advice is vital. By getting a tree surgery estimate, you'll be hiring somebody in Yapton who's got many years of experience in recognising and treating any infections, bacteria or pests which your trees may have. They'll be in the best position to suggest the best solution to the problem, and offer advice on the best treatment action.

You can easily make the difference between losing and saving a treasured tree or shrub, by hiring a reliable Yapton tree surgeon.

Tree Surgery Quotes for Yapton West Sussex

Local Yapton tree surgeons are likely to have the dialling code 01243 and the postcode BN18. They'll work in Yapton itself, together with nearby areas like Eastergate, Westergate, Walberton, Littlehampton, Flansham, Tortington, Barnham, Climping, Crockerhill, Colworth, Shripney, Slindon Common, Fontwell, Bilsham, Bognor Regis, Aldingbourne, and in postcode areas such as: PO22 0AL, BN18 0EG, BN18 0JW, BN18 0DX, BN18 0JE, BN18 0FS, BN18 0EU, BN18 0JL, BN18 0FX, BN18 0HT.

For this type of assistance it's certainly far better to bring in an experienced local tree surgeon. Yapton property owners can benefit greatly from the skills and dexterity offered by a fully trained professional.

Air-Spading Yapton

When a tree's health is causing concern, this could be due to any one of a number of issues, but is frequently because of problems with the root system. Easy access to your tree's roots will be necessary for an experienced tree care specialist in Yapton to check for soil compaction, root rot and other plausible issues.

Because there's a likelihood of causing damage to the roots during the process of digging, during the past this was a tricky thing to achieve. To efficiently break up and remove compressed soil without damaging tree roots or utility lines, a contemporary technique that is often used is "air spading".

The soil surrounding tree roots can sometimes become compacted by passing vehicles, construction work or heavy foot traffic, and this is known to have a negative impact on the health of a tree. A tree can become "stressed" due to a lack of nutrients and water, which makes it more prone to attack by insects, pests and diseases. Also ideal for correcting root flare problems, air-spading can be employed to effectively remove the excess soil from the base of a tree which has been covered, heightening the chance of root decay.

Involving the use of an air compressor and an air-spade, this process forces air into the soil at high speed (twelve hundred miles per hour), this breaks it apart by penetrating voids in the soil, but leaves tree roots and utilities unaffected. All the compacted soil is blown away from the tree's roots by the powerful air flow, meaning immediate inspection and investigation can take place. Any problems can then be rectified and the soil replaced with a less dense layer of chip mulch and fertiliser to revive the tree. (Tags: Air-Spading Yapton, Air-Spade Yapton, Air-Spade Investigations Yapton).

Removing Tree Stumps Yapton

When a tree needs cutting down on your property in Yapton, there's also a tree stump to think about. In some situations it may be acceptable for you to just leave the stump where it is until such time as it rots away by itself. However, stumps in your garden can produce suckers in an attempt to regrow, and large tree stumps can take several years to rot away, during which time they can be a trip hazard, and eyesore and the ideal home for undesirable bacteria, fungi and pests.

There are various ways by which a tree stump can be removed, if you determine that this is the best plan of action, although the 2 main alternatives are stump removal and stump grinding. Below we will be looking at the stump removal option.

In relation to getting rid of a tree stump, the three main methods are chemical treatments, digging out by hand or burning. If you've got plans to deal with a stump yourself, the use of any of these approaches might be possible. If you are going to bring in a tree surgeon to carry out the job, they will usually favour the previously mentioned stump grinding approach, however a chemically based stump removal treatment such as eco-plugging might also be suggested.

Chemical Stump Treatments: A strong chemical liquid such as Resolva Xtra Tough Tree Stump Killer, Roundup Tree Stump Remover or Vitax SBK Stump Killer, will be needed if you choose to go with the chemical treatment option. You must always read and closely follow the directions for timings, rates and applications for these chemical substances, and be mindful of the fact that they are toxic and oftentimes flammable. The stump will take a few weeks to rot and can then be removed with an axe and a spade.

Stump Burning: Because it can be dangerous and might conflict with legislation in your area, burning tree stumps is not really a recommended course of action, so if you use this approach, take great care. You will have to drill a few 1" holes in the tree stump, and pour in some vegetable oil, you will have to keep these topped up for several days until the stump has been fully soaked. Logs or charcoal heaped around the stump and set alight. Such a fire should never be left unattended, and must be supervised until safe to do so. Ensure that the fire is properly extinguished once it is completely burned out. You'll then be able to dig out the roots and stump debris once it has completely cooled down.

There are also additional burning techniques, such as digging a hole underneath and setting a charcoal or log fire in the hollowed-out space that's been made. If the stump is near to a building, fences or other trees, you shouldn't use any of these burning techniques.

Digging Out a Stump by Hand: The strategy for digging out a tree stump by hand is reasonably straightforward, and requires digging out as much earth as possible from around the base and roots, cutting any main roots with a handsaw or chainsaw, and finally freeing up the stump so that it can be hoisted out and removed. Some kind of cable ratchet winch could be needed for the final freeing procedure. This has a tendency to be tiring and tedious work, and shouldn't be attempted unless you are fit and healthy.

Tree Surveys Yapton

Tree surveys might be needed for a variety of reasons, but the most common is where property extension or development is involved. If you happen to be clearing a piece of land in Yapton which has trees on it, to make way for an extension to an existing property or a brand new house, you will need to organise a professional tree survey as required by the British Standards BS5837. Yapton tree surveys on both private and public property, must be handled by an accredited tree surgeon or arborist.

For a defined area, a number of details will be gathered about the trees within it. For instance:

  • The height of each tree in metres.
  • The species of trees on the site.
  • The diameter of each tree (measured 1.5m above the ground).
  • The number of trees.
  • The ages of the trees (i.e. young, semi-mature, mature, over-mature and veteran).
  • The branch spread to East, West, North and South.
  • The predicted life expectancy of the trees.
  • Recommendations for tree management.
  • The existence of any TPOs (Tree Preservation Orders).
  • The health of the trees.
  • Allocating a unique tree reference number for each tree.

If you happen to be doing work on an existing home in Yapton but you're not extending the property's footprint and aren't changing the service lines or access points, a tree survey will probably not be required. (Tags: Tree Surveys Yapton, Tree Surveyors Yapton, Yapton Tree Surveys, Tree Survey Yapton).

Tree Surgery Injuries

As I have already stated, the work that tree surgeons and tree care professionals in Yapton carry out, involves a significant level of danger. When work is being done on trees, there is a high risk of injury to both operatives and passers-by, so all possible precautions must be taken.

It would appear (as reported by the Health & Safety Executive (HSE)), that the use of chainsaws, falls from trees, and being hit by a falling branch or tree are responsible for the vast majority of fatal and serious injuries that are related to tree work. Surprisingly, the risk of being seriously injured is greater in tree surgery work than it is in the construction industry.

According to insurance provider records, being struck by objects (trees, cranes, grapple hooks, ropes, branches etc), lifting injuries and falling from ladders, are the most common accidents for which claims are made.

This should all help you understand why it is so vital to hire a knowledgeable tree surgeon in Yapton. Quite frequently, accidents that occur in the tree care sector are down to unqualified operatives attempting work that they're not equipped for, or skilled in. So, always try to use an established and reputable Yapton company who have been operating in the area for a good few years, to sidestep this type of problem.

Hedge Trimming Yapton

Hedge Trimming Yapton

Whilst the majority of work carried out by Yapton tree surgeons involves the maintenance and care of trees and shrubs, the trimming and cutting back of hedges is another job that they are able to perform. Using a skilled tree surgeon will be a big advantage when work needs to be done on conifer hedges such as Leylandii, which can soon reach heights that are too tall for a normal or householder to cope with, requiring specialist equipment to successfully manage.

Quickly getting out of control, a hedge that is uncared for and poorly maintained has the opportunity to become overgrown. If you permit a hedge to overwhelm large sections of your garden, it can be challenging to fix later on, therefore regular clipping makes sense for both the aesthetic appeal and health of your hedge.

If your intentions are to sell your property, neat hedges will help make your entire garden more tidy, and may even add to the value of your home in Yapton. You can also get hedge cutting services in Eastergate, Westergate, Walberton, Littlehampton, Flansham, Tortington, Barnham, Climping, Crockerhill, Colworth, Shripney, Slindon Common, Fontwell, Bilsham, Bognor Regis, Aldingbourne, and Yapton itself.

Emergency Tree Care Yapton

Even though emergencies are infrequent with regards to trees in your garden, accidents are always possible, therefore it might be wise to have an emergency contact number for a tree surgeon in Yapton quickly. When there are strong winds and gales, Yapton tree surgeons notice an increase in emergency call-outs, and most of them provide a 24/7 service. While the chances of a whole tree toppling over are slim, there is more likelihood of branches snapping off and crashing to the ground, during gusty weather. Avoidance is certainly preferable to having to deal with the aftermath, and common issues that can result from falling branches and tree limbs include damaged fences, broken garden furniture, squashed sheds and smashed greenhouses.

There's also a need for emergency tree surgery services by the local council in Yapton, when public paths, railway tracks and streets get obstructed by fallen branches and trees.

Even when the emergency tree surgery has been carried out, a tree that's lost limbs might have to be "re-balanced", and this might be done for solely aesthetic reasons or because the tree now looks lopsided, with more weight on one side than the other, maybe resulting in further problems. For all of these problems, you should contact a local tree surgeon in Yapton who provides emergency tree surgery services, and they'll handle all of this for you. (Tags: Emergency Tree Work Yapton, Emergency Tree Surgery Yapton, Emergency Call-Outs Yapton, Emergency Tree Services Yapton).

Deadwooding Yapton

All professional tree surgeons in Yapton will carry out the procedure known as dead-wooding (or deadwooding), which is an essential part of tree management. Where there's a danger to pedestrians, property or vehicles, dead-wooding is conducted to remove the dead and dying branches which are likely to fall. There are a number of reasons behind why a tree's branches die off, the most commonplace being a damaged root system, heavy shading, diseases or pest attacks.

While the usual rationale for the removal of dead branches is that of safety, it is also sometimes done to benefit the tree, or for aesthetic reasons. It's possible to radically improve a tree's health by eliminating dying, dead and damaged branches, an excess of which will attract infestation by insects and disease. Trees that have lots of dead wood also look ugly, so to improve its appearance, this should all be cut off.

Only larger and more substantial dead branches will generally be cut off, because in most cases the small ones are not going to present too much of a risk. Having said that, where trees are overhanging a park, a dwelling, a garden, a public area or a highway in Yapton, it may be essential to remove any dead wood that's in excess of 50 millimetres in diameter.



The most dangerous and arguably the most widely used piece of equipment employed by Yapton tree surgeons, is the chainsaw. Despite the fact that battery and mains electric models of chainsaw can be purchased, the most preferred by tree care professionals are powered by petrol, due to their ease of use and portability. For heavy tree work, the only sensible option is to use petrol chainsaws, as they are able to effortlessly slice through trunks and branches of any proportions, and are extremely powerful and robust.

Basically, a chainsaw consists of a motor-driven chain which has a set of razor-sharp teeth for cutting through bark and wood. In addition to what powers them, there are also different styles of chainsaw for various procedures, top-handled for working at height (and which can be used with one hand), rear-handled for work at ground level (two handed) and pole saws for long distance pruning and hard to reach branches.

Whilst clambouring up a tree with a rapidly twirling blade in your hand is a somewhat dangerous activity, it is rare to see an experienced Yapton tree surgeon who does not use a chainsaw. Being trained in the safe use of chainsaws is a key prerequisite for any tree surgeon, and is vital before they can even be considered for approval by the Arboricultural Association (AA) or the ISA.

Although there are quite a few different chainsaw makes and models available to specialist tree surgeons, the most popular in the UK are Stihl, Husqvarna, Hyundai and Makita.

Tree Preservation Orders Yapton

Another thing to consider before commencing work on your trees, is whether or not they've got a TPO (Tree Preservation Order) on them. You need to contact your local planning authority to make certain that none of the trees within the perimeter of your property are subject to Tree Preservation Orders. You can't conduct topping, felling, wilful destruction, uprooting, wilful damage, removal or lopping, without consent in writing from the local authority, if a tree on your property is subject to a Tree Preservation Order. You could ask your tree surgeon to help with this process, any decent one will be happy to offer guidance and advice.

For those of you whose property is inside a conservation area in Yapton, at least 6 wks notice in writing has to be given to the local council if you want to conduct any work on a tree with a diameter of seventy five millimetres or more (1.5 metres from ground level). (Tags: Tree Preservation Order Yapton, Tree Preservation Orders Yapton, TPOs (Tree Preservation Orders) Yapton).

Ash Dieback

A lethal fungal disease affecting ash trees, that was first recorded in Britain in 2012, ash dieback (Hymenoscyphus fraxineus) is likely to decimate about 80 percent of the current ash trees. Having a similarly disastrous impact on the British countryside as Dutch Elm Disease, ash dieback is just another blow to the United Kingdom's tree stocks.

Trees of the Fraxinus genus are affected by this damaging disease, which has a particularly disastrous effect on the common ash (Fraxinus excelsior), which is the most widespread species in Britain. Thought to have originally come from eastern Asia where the native species of ash (the Manchurian ash and the Chinese ash) were less susceptible, the fungus which causes ash dieback is known as Hymenoscyphus fraxineus, and it blocks its vascular (water transport) systems, causing it to die.

Dispersed by microscopic spores that blow on the wind, released from the fruiting bodies of the fungus, and are able to travel for many miles, ash dieback has already spread to most parts of the United Kingdom.

Ash dieback can be recognised by symptoms such as:

  • Dark patches on leaves during the summertime.
  • Leaves and new shoots which are visibly dying during the growing season.
  • Leaves that wilt, turn black and fall prematurely.
  • The formation of lesions where branches meet with the trunk.
  • New growth appears from previously dormant buds.

Stronger ash are able to fend off the disease to some degree, but ultimately die from continual attacks. Presently there's no clear procedure for stopping the spread of achalara ash dieback, and there is no effective treatment.

If you believe that you have identified a tree infected with ash dieback on your property in Yapton, or somewhere else in the community, you can report it to the "Tree Alert Service" provided by the Forestry Commission, although the disease is so widespread all over Britain that they're only really interested to know about cases discovered in areas not previously affected. You should however contact a local tree surgeon, who'll offer guidance on how best to proceed.

(Tags: Symptoms of Ash Dieback, Chalara Ash Dieback Yapton, Spotting Ash Dieback).

Protecting Trees & Shrubs in Winter

Protecting your shrubs and trees in winter is possibly a measure that you have not thought about too much, maybe presuming that the winter weather conditions in the UK are not harsh enough to warrant this. In fact, even plants, trees and shrubs that we usually consider to be hardy, will benefit from a bit of extra protection during the colder winter season.

High winds and storms can cause the biggest problems where trees are concerned, and despite the fact that come winter most of your trees will have already shed their leaves, they may still be susceptible in extreme conditions. If a tree on your property is swaying precariously in the wind, or has been damaged by gales, a local tree surgeon must be brought in to perform an inspection. Trees and tree branches can also suffer problems because of heavy snowfall, so keep an eye out for trouble in this sort of weather. A substantial layer of mulch round the base of trees and shrubs (especially newly planted ones), will help to keep the roots frost-free and stop them from becoming dehydrated.

Invasive Tree Roots Yapton

Problem Tree Roots Yapton West Sussex

When they are growing too close to your property in Yapton, some larger trees have exceptionally invasive root systems, and can be troublesome. Cracked patios, damaged foundations and blocked drains, are some of the most common issues that you might run across. Some of the tree species that have very invasive root systems include willows, sycamores, maples and elms.

Keeping any new trees you grow, as far as possible away from your house, pathways, patios and your sewerage system, is wise to avoid future challenges. If you are already experiencing problems with pre-existing trees which are growing too close to your home, you can get advice and guidance by bringing in your friendly local Yapton tree surgeon.

This isn't really the sort of task you should try to do yourself, and simply chopping off the offending roots could kill off the tree or severely threaten it's health. Knowing which roots should be left in place, and which roots can be safely cut is the realm of the expert, and a skilled Yapton tree surgeon will ensure that the tree can still get ample water and nutrients to survive successfully.

Cracks in subterranean drainage systems are commonly caused by shrub and tree roots, because a consistent source of moisture and nutrients is present in these settings. Small roots can soon compromise a drainage system's joints, and when established develop into huge root balls which can lead to joint failure and blockages. Many Yapton tree surgeons will offer specialist root removal services, which will involve using manual rodding, high pressure jetting or electro-mechanical equipment. Root removal services are also available in Eastergate, Westergate, Walberton, Littlehampton, Flansham, Tortington, Barnham, Climping, Crockerhill, Colworth, Shripney, Slindon Common, Fontwell, Bilsham, Bognor Regis, Aldingbourne, and in Yapton itself.

Firewood/Logs Yapton

Firewood Logs Yapton

Tree surgeons can be a great source for logs or firewood in Yapton, if you happen to be searching for this particular commodity. This is no great surprise, as tree surgeons spend most of their time cutting down branches and trees.

Some tree surgeons in and around Yapton may be willing to let you have logs and branches free of charge, since they've always got an excess of them to dispose of, while others will charge a fee for seasoned and chopped logs which have been dried out and are ready to burn.

Chucking "wet" logs on your wood burner or open fire is not a great idea, and will produce lots of smoke and block up your flue. Only use logs that have been dried out for at least twelve months and have a moisture content of 20 percent or lower. Normally tree surgeons in Yapton will have supplies of hardwood logs, and the good thing about these is that they give a sustained burn, and provide many hours of heat. The disadvantage of hardwood is that it can be quite difficult to light, therefore if you are able to pick up some softwood logs, these are fantastic for getting your fire burning.

Save The Environment By Planting Trees

If we look at annual figures, between three and six billion trees are being chopped down worldwide. There is so much that is created from trees and this means there is a big need in the marketplace. Writing paper and household tissue papers are an illustration of this, as well as the timber used to construct houses. We all should assume responsibility in saving our woodlands even if there are items we have to use that are made from trees.

Trees are celebrated on Arbor Day and the purpose of having Arbor Day is that we have to plant trees at that time but this is not actually tackling the issue. Planting trees is not something that most people give any thought to. It would help, of course, if everyone did.

The world population is likely approximately in the 7 billion mark. That is just an estimate because you can't keep an exact count. However, if each of those 7 billion folks went out and planted a tree every Arbor Day, we would be replacing all the trees that were cut down that year. The probability of this taking place is small.

Plant a Tree

So, the answer is for those of you who care about the planet and want oxygen so you can live, plant a tree. I am not restricting this to planting trees on only one day each year. Once a month is a good target or why not each week? It is just a fact that many people will refuse to give any thought to conservation or planting trees, so we need to compensate for this ourselves.

Each year on Arbor Day, the number of trees planted ranges from 8 to 15 million. That still leaves us with a 5 billion tree shortage annually. This situation continues to deteriorate.

Whereas we all have to make the effort to plant trees, I have an idea that could solve this once and for all. What could actually solve this problem is if each log business or tree farmer, by law, had to plant two saplings for each tree they chop down, so our tree issue wouldn't be an issue anymore.

Right now, this is unlikely to happen and so the task to preserve the number of trees in the world is in our own hands. And it will not take that much for us to replace the tree population every year. If every month, roughly 10% of people in the world could plant a tree, that would compensate for the numbers being chopped down annually. Annually, this would mean the planting of around 7 billion trees. And that 1 billion excess trees are precisely what we need to get our tree population back to where it should be.

Each person concerned about the our planet can do his part by planting trees. Once more, it only takes 10% of the world population to begin making a difference. You can make the decision to do this.

Tree Surgery Tasks Yapton

Tree Surgery Tasks Yapton UK

Yapton tree surgeons can usually help with crown reduction, hedge lowering in Yapton, tree care in Yapton, crown removal, soil terravention Yapton, tree replanting, monitoring of tree health, eco plug treatments in Yapton, stump removal, tree lopping, root removal Yapton, root decompaction, tree planning, tree watering, stump treatment, crown raising, woodland clearance, drop crotching Yapton, tree fertilising, cut sealing, landscaping, hedge cutting, tree work, tree felling in Yapton, tree lightening protection Yapton, tree reduction, crown lifting, commercial tree surgery in Yapton, waste removal, root flare exposure, airspading Yapton, cable bracing and other tree surgeon services in Yapton, West Sussex. These are just a small portion of the duties that are performed by tree surgeons. Yapton providers will be happy to tell you about their entire range of services.

Contact Tree Surgeons Yapton West Sussex

Tree Surgeons Near Yapton: Also find: Aldingbourne tree surgeons, Barnham tree surgeons, Flansham tree surgeons, Bilsham tree surgeons, Fontwell tree surgeons, Shripney tree surgeons, Littlehampton tree surgeons, Colworth tree surgeons, Eastergate tree surgeons, Slindon Common tree surgeons, Bognor Regis tree surgeons, Walberton tree surgeons, Tortington tree surgeons, Westergate tree surgeons, Crockerhill tree surgeons, Climping tree surgery and more. All of these places are covered by tree surgeons. Yapton home and property owners can obtain price quotes by going here.

West Sussex Tree Surgeons

Tree Care Surgery BN18 Tree Surgeon Near Me West Sussex Trees Surgeon Services Yapton Surgeons Green 01243 Care Tree

In the West Sussex area you'll also obtain: Aldwick tree management, West Chiltington tree care, Horsted Keynes tree surgeons, Bersted tree surgeons, Funtington tree surgeons, Sayers Common tree surgery, Upper Beeding tree surgeons, Burgess Hill tree surgeons, Aldwick tree surgery, Iping tree surgeons, Rusper tree care services, Barns Green tree surgery, Stedham tree care, Linchmere tree care, Hassocks tree surgery, Arundel tree management, Rusper tree care, Sidlesham tree surgeons, Selsey tree surgeons, East Grinstead tree management, Barns Green tree management, Scaynes Hill tree surgery, North Mundham tree care, Colgate tree care services, Hurstpierpoint tree care, Pagham tree surgery, Fittleworth tree management, West Thorney tree care services. In every corner of the West Sussex region you should be able to locate tree surgeons who'll provide various services for all your tree care requirements. If you're unable to find the ideal tree surgeon in Yapton itself you shouldn't have any difficulty finding one someplace nearby.

Around Yapton

In Grevatts Lane West, Blenheim Road, Goodhew Close, The Towpath, Park Road, Loveys Road, Bilsham Lane, Maypole Lane, Fordwater Gardens, Tiller Close, Bilsham Road, Downview Road, Fairholme Drive, St. Marys Meadow, Graham Road, Barge Close, Giles Close, The Lychgates, Locks Way, Kings Close, The Pines, The Millers, and in these local Yapton postcodes: PO22 0AL, BN18 0EG, BN18 0JW, BN18 0DX, BN18 0JE, BN18 0FS, BN18 0EU, BN18 0JL, BN18 0FX, BN18 0HT, tree surgeons were recently engaged in tree surgery jobs. These areas recently saw activity by certified tree surgeons. Yapton property owners benefited from high quality and competent tree surgery services in every case.

To find local info on Yapton, West Sussex click here

Tree Surgery BN18 area, 01243.

(Created with tree surgeons Yapton text version six.)

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(Yapton tree surgeons article compiled by Stephen Locke 22-04-2022)