Tree Surgeons Bishop Auckland

Bishop Auckland Tree Surgery and Tree Care Services

Bishop Auckland Tree Surgeons (DL14): We all love to see trees, and having trees growing in our garden is an additional bonus for offering welcome shade on a hot summers day, for providing a home for birds and wildlife and for adding colour and beauty. But there are some drawbacks; trees can easily get damaged by storms and wind, trees can become much too huge for our gardens in Bishop Auckland or trees can get diseased and unhealthy. If you are having concerns about your trees in Bishop Auckland, the person to contact is a tree surgeon.

Bishop Auckland Tree Surgeon Quotes (DL14)

Playing a crucial role in the maintenance and general care of trees, tree surgeons provide their expert services for both domestic and commercial customers around Bishop Auckland. The variety of services that a specialist tree surgeon in Bishop Auckland may provide is extensive, but would include: inspections and hazard assessments, safe tree planting, tree felling, the pruning of invasive, dead or weakened branches, as well as general tree care.

Professional Tree Surgeon Bishop Auckland County Durham

However, the job of a tree surgeon doesn't end with trees. Further responsibilities of a tree surgeon in Bishop Auckland may include hedge maintenance, pruning and care and stump removal. As they'll be best able to inspect your tree, put together a report on likely hazards, and give advice on the best way to proceed, a tree surgeon is the person to hire if you've any doubts about a tree's structural integrity.

Since it's such a dangerous task, tree surgery is definitely a process that should only be handled by a professionally trained operative. Though you might be tempted to bypass the costs and take a do-it-yourself approach, it would definitely not be the wisest decision to make. Tree surgeons must be physically fit, qualified and experienced to undertake the work they are required to do.

While harnessed to a tree and elevated in the air, tree surgery and maintenance will normally involve the use of dangerous power tools. Novices beware - this is definitely not a task for you! Tree surgery work is also usually performed by a team of experienced tree surgeons, including a ground crew and climbers, who are all experts in the field. Competing with this level of experience, competence and risk assessment to execute the work, would be virtually impossible for any unqualified individual.

Local Tree Surgeons Bishop Auckland (01388)

As soon as you've come to the decision that you require the assistance of a professional tree surgeon in Bishop Auckland, you must take steps to find a trustworthy one. But, how exactly? Well, a few things will have to be checked out, for example how much it will cost and what qualifications they have. Below we have summarized some useful tips for obtaining the best Bishop Auckland tree surgeon to maintain your trees.

The first step will be to determine whether they've got the right qualifications, this will give you the reassurance that they're competent and correctly trained. The National Proficiency Tests Council (NPTC) is the main governing body that issues accreditations to tree surgeons. As a minimum requirement, any tree surgeon in Bishop Auckland should hold the following accreditations:

  • NPTC 206/306 (CS38) - Climb a tree and perform aerial rescue.
  • NPTC 308 (CS39) - Chainsaw use from rope & harness.
  • NPTC 203 (CS31) - Fell and process small trees.
  • NPTC 201/202 (CS30) - Chainsaw maintenance and cross-cutting.

As holding these qualifications shows that they've received the correct training, it's well worth tracking down a tree surgeon in Bishop Auckland who has them, although this isn't in fact a legal obligation. Holding these certifications should give you the peace of mind that the job will be completed in a safe and successful way. It's also crucial that some First Aid qualifications are held by all tree surgeons, forestry workers and arborists, and that they carry a suitable First Aid kit according to HSE workplace recommendations.

Next, you can ask a few tree surgeons in Bishop Auckland to prepare different estimates for the work, and check the actual breakdown of the costs. You may notice that the disposal of the vast amount of waste often generated by tree maintenance and surgery won't always be included in the price. It is definitely better to have the tree surgeons remove and dispose of this themselves if possible, as removing such waste can be very inconvenient and costly.

Click Here For Tree Surgery Estimates in the Bishop Auckland Area

When you meet up with potential tree surgeons in Bishop Auckland, you should also be ready to ask loads of key questions. For instance, you need to understand who will be coming onto your property and doing the work. Is meeting them beforehand a possibility? Is it going to involve a gang or an individual? What techniques of tree surgery or removal will be used on your tree? What will the impact on my home/neighbours be? What's the timeframe for the work?

To avoid any unexpected surprises further down the road, ask lots of questions.

Tree Surgery Bishop Auckland (DL14)

Also, listen closely to what your tree surgeon says and how they speak. Pay particular attention to the ways in which they describe the work they are planning to carry out, because this can give you clues about their level of professionalism. If someone is talking about 'lopping and topping', this is frequently associated with rogue trader type operatives, who will possibly not be familiar with modern techniques and technologies. A professional, experienced and fully trained tree surgeon in Bishop Auckland should be using the right terminology like 'crown reduction', 'pruning', 'crown lifting', 'dead wooding' and 'crown thinning'. Whilst this may not invariably be indicative of ability, it can certainly be a helpful clue as to the level of expertise held by your tree surgeon.

To sum up, when you have tree care or tree surgery needs in Bishop Auckland, it's always worthwhile to consult a variety of different tree surgeons. This should help you to find the best tradesperson for the job, and one that will make certain all your requirements are fully met in a timely manner, with safety as a top priority.

Click For Tree Surgery Quotes in Bishop Auckland County Durham

Locally based Bishop Auckland tree surgery services will likely have the telephone dialling code 01388 and the postcode DL14. They'll work in Bishop Auckland itself, in addition to nearby areas like Middlestone, Shildon, Tindale Crescent, Woodhouses, Coronation, South Church, Auckland Park, Binchester, Toronto, Escombe, Etherley Dene, Binchester Blocks, Coundon, Coundon Gate, and these postcodes: DL14 0RB, DL14 6BD, DL14 0RY, DL14 6EY, DL14 0YJ, DL14 6EX, DL14 4FF, DL14 6DP, DL14 0LP, DL14 0LW.

If you require this kind of assistance it is unquestionably a good idea to employ an experienced local tree surgeon. Bishop Auckland home and business owners can substantially benefit from the skills offered by a fully trained professional.

Tree Stump Removal Bishop Auckland

After having a substantial tree chopped down in Bishop Auckland, you will likely be left with one more issue - what to do with the tree stump. In certain situations it may be feasible for you to simply leave the stump in position until it decays on it's own. However, stumps left in your garden can produce new suckers in an attempt to regrow themselves, and big stumps can take several years to rot away, during which time they can be an eyesore, a trip hazard and the perfect home for unwelcome bacteria, pests and fungi.

There are several methods for getting rid of a tree stump altogether, but stump removal and stump grinding are the 2 primary options. In the following few lines, we'll be considering the option of removal.

There are in essence three techniques for getting rid of a tree stump - chemical treatments, burning and digging out by hand. You could use any one of these methods if you want to to remove the stump yourself. If you are hiring a tree surgeon in Bishop Auckland, they will normally plump for the aforementioned stump grinding method.

Digging Out by Hand: Digging out a tree stump by hand is a pretty self-explanatory procedure, and involves digging out all the earth all around the stump, revealing and sawing all the primary roots, and finally freeing up the tree stump so that it can be hoisted out. A winch may be required in order to complete this process. This is hard graft and isn't for the faint-hearted or unfit.

Burning Tree Stumps: Burning a tree stump is not normally recommended, and could conflict with local legislation, so take care if choosing this approach. It comprises drilling a few 25mm holes into the tree stump and continuously filling the holes with vegetable oil for a number of days. Logs or charcoal heaped around the tree stump and set alight. You'll need to supervise this continually until the fire has died down. Once fully burned, check that the fire is fully extinguished, let it cool off and then proceed to dig out the roots and stump ashes.

Other options include digging out and clearing away all the soil from underneath the tree stump, and building a fire in the space that has been created. If the stump is in close proximity to a building, other trees or fences, you shouldn't use any of the burning methods.

Chemical Stump Removers: The chemical treatment option calls for the use of a strong chemical for instance Vitax SBK Stump Killer, Roundup Tree Stump Remover or Resolva Xtra Tough Tree Stump Killer. When utilising any of these products you should always closely follow the manufacturer's instructions, as these chemicals can be very dangerous. Depending on the dimensions of your stump, and if it's alive or dead when it's treated, it can take several weeks or possibly even months for a tree stump to rot totally, so look at this as a long term resolution. Once rotted, it can be chopped small with an axe and removed with a spade.

Ash Dieback (Hymenoscyphus Fraxineus)

A harmful fungal disease that is expected to decimate around 80 percent of the current UK ash tree stocks, over the coming years, ash dieback (Hymenoscyphus fraxineus) was first documented in the United Kingdom in 2012, when a nursery brought in thousands of trees from the Netherlands. Following the Dutch Elm Disease disaster, which killed off Great Britain's elm trees, ash dieback is set to have huge ramifications for our beloved countryside.

A damaging disease of the Fraxinus genus of trees, ash dieback has an especially disastrous effect on the Fraxinus excelsior (common ash), British Fraxinus excelsior (common or European ash). Originally coming from Asia where the native Chinese ash (Fraxinus chinensis) and Manchurian ash (Fraxinus mandshurica) are less seriously affected by it, the fungus which causes the disease is known as Hymenoscyphus fraxineus (H. fraxineus), and it kills off the tree by blocking its vascular systems.

Dispersed by wind blown spores which can travel for tens of miles, ash dieback has already spread to most areas of the UK.

Affecting tree from every age group, ash dieback can be recognised by symptoms such as:

  • Foliage that wilts, turns black in colour and falls early.
  • New epicormic growth appearing from buds that were dormant previously.
  • Dying shoots and leaves are visible in summer.
  • Dark brown necrotic lesions (often diamond shaped) form where limbs meet with the trunk, and the inner bark under the lesions looks brownish grey.
  • Leaves developing dark patches during mid to late summer.

To some extent, ash trees can fight off the disease, but they ultimately perish as they are repeatedly attacked year-on-year. Currently there is no clear-cut approach for stopping the spread of aash dieback, and there is no cure or effective treatment.

While cases of ash dieback can be reported to the Forestry Commission's "Tree Alert Service", it's now so widespread all over the British Isles that they're really only interested to know about cases that are discovered in areas not previously affected. If you believe you have a tree infected with ash dieback on your property in Bishop Auckland, you can still get in touch with a local tree surgeon, who can offer advice about how to proceed - ultimately the tree or trees will need to be cut down and removed.

Trees which are affected by ash dieback: Fraxinus excelsior, Fraxinus angustifolia, Fraxinus ornus, Fraxinus mandschurica, Fraxinus americana, Fraxinus nigra, Fraxinus pennsylvanica.

(Tags: Spotting Ash Dieback, Signs of Ash Dieback, Chalara Ash Dieback Bishop Auckland).

Logs and Firewood Bishop Auckland

Firewood Logs Bishop Auckland

Of course, you might be looking for a tree surgeon for a completely different reason, because they can be an excellent source for firewood and logs in Bishop Auckland. As chopping off branches and felling trees is part of their daily schedule, this is a natural sideline for the enterprising tree surgeon.

Recently cut logs and branches are frequently offered "free to collector" from some Bishop Auckland tree surgeons, who are simply happy to get shot of them. Other local tree surgeons, with enough space to store them, will dry and season the logs and sell them by the bag, tonne or lorry load, and will sometimes deliver them for you.

Logs that have been left to dry out for at least twelve months are ideal for burning on your log burning stove or open fire, and they should have a moisture level of below 20 percent. Normally tree surgeons in Bishop Auckland will have supplies of assorted hardwood logs, and the benefit of these is that they give a long, sustained burn, and provide 3 or 4 hours of comforting heat. The drawback of hardwood is that it can be quite challenging to light, so if you are able to get hold of some softwood logs, these are fantastic for getting your fire started. (Tags: Firewood Logs Bishop Auckland, Firewood and Logs Bishop Auckland, Firewood Bishop Auckland, Hardwood Firewood Bishop Auckland).

Tree Removal Bishop Auckland

Tree Removal Bishop Auckland

Trees are typically beneficial, therefore tree removal should actually be a last resort. On the other hand, there are obviously valid triggers for tree removal on your garden or property in Bishop Auckland. Some of the common reasons for having to perform tree removal are if: the roots of a tree are obstructing foundations/retaining walls, your tree is in the way of new development, the tree has grown too large for its setting, the tree is infected, the tree has been uprooted by the weather, the tree poses a hazard to safety or you've got a dying/dead tree. (Tags: Tree Felling Bishop Auckland, Removing Trees Bishop Auckland, Tree Removal Bishop Auckland)

Preventing Storm Damage

To most people, trees seem strong, sturdy and capable of standing up to pretty much anything that Mother Nature can inflict on them. The lifespan of most tree species far surpasses that of us humans, and in actual fact some types such as yews, sweet chestnuts and oaks can live for many hundreds of years.

Despite all of this, trees are certainly vulnerable to unfavourable weather conditions, and apart from the risk of falling branches and tree limbs, when confronted by certain conditions they may also fall down completely, causing lots of damage. The main weather related problem for trees is wind, and as the frequency of severe weather events and storms in Bishop Auckland escalates because of climate change, this kind of damage has become more common. Heavy snowfall during winter can also cause problems, as can waterlogged soil resulting from extended periods of rainfall or flooding.

In order to be ready for any problems that might occur during severe weather conditions, it is recommended that you have a local Bishop Auckland tree surgeon trim and remove any dead or overhanging branches, and check for any additional issues.

To stop bigger trees being struck by lightning, and to protect nearby property and buildings which could be susceptible to "jumps" or side-flashes, it is also important to install lightning rods, copper conductors, or other protection systems. Lightning strikes can severely weaken trees, making them more vulnerable to disease or pest attacks, and even kill them in some circumstances. You may not imagine that lightning strikes are that common, however in the UK alone there are approximately three hundred thousand strikes annually.

To protect your trees from storm damage and lessen the chances of major consequences should an unstable tree crash down as a result of bad weather, ask your local Bishop Auckland tree care specialist what they can do.

Eco-Plugging Tree Stumps Bishop Auckland

Stump grinding is the conventional method employed by most tree surgeons in Bishop Auckland for removing large tree stumps. However, these days there's a more cost-effective alternative to this technique in the form of "eco-plugging". Eco-plugging is not only less expensive, but it is also handy for use in hard-to-reach locations where there are stump grinding accessibility problems.

A highly effective treatment for killing off tree stumps, eco-plugging doesn't affect any nearby vegetation and trees. Eco-plugs destroy the whole root system of a tree stump and can be used during any season of the year and in all weather. Eco-plugs contain a form of granular glyphosate herbicide which can be used on a variety of trees, and is 95% to 100% effective. (Tags: Eco-Plugging Tree Stump Removal Bishop Auckland, Eco-Plugging Bishop Auckland, Eco-Plug Treatments Bishop Auckland, Eco-Plugs Bishop Auckland).

Protecting Trees & Shrubs in the Wintertime

Although the winter climate is rarely severe enough to warrant protecting your trees and shrubs, it is definitely worth looking at as a precautionary measure. Even the most hardy of trees, plants and shrubs can find it challenging during winter, and any amount of added protection during times of severe cold will certainly be a benefit.

Storms and strong winds can cause the biggest problems when trees are involved, and although come winter most of your trees will have shed their leaves, they might still be at risk in extreme conditions. If a tree on your property has been damaged by wind, or is swaying and at risk of falling, a local tree surgeon should be contacted to conduct an inspection. Heavy snow can also lead to snapped branches, so be on the lookout when these sorts of weather conditions are anticipated. Protection from frost and ice may be required for some shrubs and trees (in particular recently planted ones), and a substantial layer of mulch spread around their bases can help to keep their roots from freezing, and allow them to absorb much needed moisture.

Crown Thinning Bishop Auckland

Tree Care Bishop Auckland

The removing of some of the small branches at the outer crown of a tree to deliver a density of leaves that's even throughout while not changing the size or shape of the tree, is termed crown thinning. This specific procedure is often only done on broad leafed trees (rather than conifers) and is to lessen the total weight of the crown of the tree, to ease the stress upon particular limbs as a result of gravity, wind, snow, or ice, to decrease the tree's wind resistance, to prevent the tree from being uprooted when it's windy or to permit more light throughout. A uniform thickness of foliage encompassing uniformly spread out branches should be the aim of crown thinning, it should not alter the overall size and form of the tree.

Tree Surgery Tasks Bishop Auckland

Tree Surgery Tasks Bishop Auckland UK

Bishop Auckland tree surgeons will likely help with tree removal in Bishop Auckland, tree work in Bishop Auckland, forestry management, repair of storm damaged trees, woodland management, crown cleaning in Bishop Auckland, tree staking, brush cutting Bishop Auckland, tree management Bishop Auckland, cut sealing, shrub maintenance Bishop Auckland, tree planting Bishop Auckland, tree reduction, tree cabling, hedge trimming, retrenchment pruning, safety inspections Bishop Auckland, stump removal, hedge planting Bishop Auckland, crown lifting, tree pest management in Bishop Auckland, damage restoration in Bishop Auckland, the protection of trees from grazing animals Bishop Auckland, tree care, tree topping in Bishop Auckland, tree surveys, damaged tree removal, fruit tree pruning, stump grinding, hazard assessments, the removal of dead wood, root grinding in Bishop Auckland, site clearance Bishop Auckland, tree felling, tree maintenance and other tree surgeon services in Bishop Auckland, County Durham. Listed are just an example of the duties that are undertaken by tree surgeons. Bishop Auckland professionals will be happy to tell you about their full range of services.

Current Tree Surgery Projects

Bishop Auckland Tree Surgery Projects

Patryk Foulkes was wishing to get a quotation from a tree surgeon in Trimdon Colliery who can trim a tall hornbeam hedge down to a six foot height and remove all the waste in the garden of his semi-detached property. Georgina Bloggs enquired about the possibility of removing three trees from the garden of her property in Urpeth. Aston Wiltshire was trying to track down a tree surgeon who can remove an extremely large tree ASAP from his garden in Ingleby Barwick. Philip Finney was searching for a local tree surgeon near Crook, County Durham to do tree felling. Mr and Mrs Booth are looking for somebody who will prune a pear tree in the garden of their home in Esh. In Wolsingham Mr Braydon Briggs needs a tree surgeon to cut back five conifers and remove all the waste. Mr and Mrs Mclean are hunting for a professional tree surgeon who can do some hedge cutting and bush trimming in their garden in Heighington. Rodrigo and Orlaith Hills were hoping to get a quote from a tree surgeon in Bishopsgarth who can completely remove a conifer and a willow tree, and chop back several other conifers in the garden of their detached house.

Tree Surgery Apprenticeships - Training - Courses Bishop Auckland

Tree Surgery Training - Courses - Apprenticeships Bishop Auckland

Having a career in tree surgery is a fulfilling and rewarding means by which to earn a living. Opportunities like applying for a college course, being accepted into a tree surgery apprenticeship, subscribing to a private course, taking a course in university or commencing at the bottom (maybe as a groundworker) and working your way up are available to anyone in Bishop Auckland who are hungry to be a tree surgeon. When they're available, tree surgery apprenticeships in Bishop Auckland can be applied for whilst still attending school. Folks of any age can enroll in private and college courses in tree surgery and they are offered all over the British Isles. A range of tree surgery related university courses are offered in woodland ecology & conservation, forestry, countryside management, forest management and arboriculture, and those with the correct qualifications (typically 1 to 3 "A" levels) can aim for higher national diplomas, foundation degrees and degrees. If none of the above get you inspired, it might be possible to obtain a bit of tree surgery experience by getting involved in voluntary work for organisations and groups such as the Woodland Trust, the Tree Council, the National Trust or the Forestry Commission. If you came here seeking details on "how to become a tree surgeon in Bishop Auckland", with a bit of luck this short article has proven to be helpful. The place to head to find out everything there is to know concerning how to become a tree surgeon is the official website of the government backed National Careers Service.

Contact a Tree Surgeon Bishop Auckland

Tree Surgeons Near Bishop Auckland: Also find: Binchester Blocks tree surgeons, South Church tree surgeons, Tindale Crescent tree surgeons, Escombe tree surgeons, Etherley Dene tree surgeons, Auckland Park tree surgeons, Middlestone tree surgeons, Coronation tree surgeons, Binchester tree surgeons, Shildon tree surgeons, Coundon Gate tree surgeons, Coundon tree surgeons, Toronto tree surgeons, Woodhouses tree surgery and more. All these locations are served by local tree surgeons. Bishop Auckland home and property owners can obtain tree surgery quotations by clicking here.

Tree Surgeons County Durham

DL14 Services Tree Surgeon Green Surgeons Tree Trees Bishop Auckland Tree Care County Durham Surgeon Near Me 01388 Care Surgery

In the County Durham area you will likewise discover: Eldon Lane tree surgeon, Thornaby tree surgery, Stanhope tree surgeons, South Hetton tree surgeon, tree surgeons, Bishop Auckland tree management, Kirklevington tree surgery, Great Lumley tree surgeons, Seaton tree care services, tree surgeon, Great Lumley tree surgeon, Bearpark tree surgeons, Consett tree surgeons, Belmont tree surgeons, tree surgery, Waldridge tree surgeons, Murton tree surgery, Shincliffe tree surgeons, Ushaw Moor tree removal, tree care, Wingate tree surgeons, Burnopfield tree surgeon, Grindon tree care services, tree removal, Kimblesworth tree removal, Seaham tree management, Slingley tree surgeons, tree surgeons, Howden le Wear tree surgeons, High Etherley tree care, Shildon tree surgery. Throughout the County Durham region it should be possible to locate tree surgeons who will offer various services for your tree care needs. If you cannot identify the right tree surgeon in Bishop Auckland itself you will surely be able to find a good one nearby.

Tree Care Services Bishop Auckland

Find a Tree Surgeon in Bishop Auckland Here
Tree Surgeon Quotes Bishop Auckland County Durham (01388)
  • Bishop Auckland Tree Lopping
  • Bishop Auckland Tree Maintenance
  • Bishop Auckland Tree Felling
  • Bishop Auckland Cable Bracing
  • Bishop Auckland Woodland Management
  • Bishop Auckland Crown Lifting
  • Bishop Auckland Tree Planting
  • Bishop Auckland Woodchipping
  • Bishop Auckland Tree Dismantling
  • Bishop Auckland Root Grinding
  • Bishop Auckland Tree Cutting
  • Bishop Auckland Site Clearance
  • Bishop Auckland Hedge Reduction
  • Bishop Auckland Shrub Maintenance

Around Bishop Auckland

People in these Bishop Auckland places were recently in need of a tree surgeon: Seymour Street, Grey Street, Cosgrove Avenue, Whitby Close, Newgate Centre, The Clarence, Bankside, Scott Road, Laburnum Road, Brewer Street, Furness Close, Gainsborough Court, Hexham Street, Fylands Drive, Albert Hill, Cheesmond Avenue, Dixon Street, Lowther Road, Vickers Street, Gibbon Street, Lumley Grove, Escomb Road, Frances Terrace, Edge Hill, Warkworth Avenue, Tunstall Grove, Taylor Square, Milton Avenue, and also in these nearby postcodes DL14 0RB, DL14 6BD, DL14 0RY, DL14 6EY, DL14 0YJ, DL14 6EX, DL14 4FF, DL14 6DP, DL14 0LP, DL14 0LW. Work was accomplished in these areas by local tree surgeons. Bishop Auckland property owners received trusted and competent tree surgery services on each occasion.

More Bishop Auckland Trades: Not surprisingly, whenever you are having tree surgery done in Bishop Auckland, County Durham, you will likely need other garden related services, and along with a tree surgeon in Bishop Auckland, County Durham, you may also need driveway specialists in Bishop Auckland, waste removal in Bishop Auckland, landscaping in Bishop Auckland, decking fitters in Bishop Auckland, SKIP HIRE in Bishop Auckland, artificial grass installers in Bishop Auckland, garden design and planning in Bishop Auckland, garden pond builders in Bishop Auckland, lawn mowing services in Bishop Auckland, patio installation in Bishop Auckland, hedge clipping in Bishop Auckland, garden shed builders in Bishop Auckland, fencing contractors in Bishop Auckland, garden clearances in Bishop Auckland, garden wall construction in Bishop Auckland, weeding services in Bishop Auckland, and other different Bishop Auckland tradespeople.

Tree Surgeon Jobs Bishop Auckland: Find Bishop Auckland tree surgeon jobs here: Tree Surgeon Jobs Bishop Auckland

If you want local Bishop Auckland info go here

Tree Surgery DL14 area, and dialling code 01388.

(Created with tree surgeons Bishop Auckland text version three.)

TOP - Tree Surgeon Bishop Auckland

Crown Reduction Bishop Auckland - Root Removal Bishop Auckland - Arboriculture Bishop Auckland - DL14 - Tree Surgeons Bishop Auckland - Tree Felling Bishop Auckland - Tree Surgeon Bishop Auckland - Woodland Management Bishop Auckland - Tree Management Bishop Auckland

TREE SURGEONS UK

(This tree surgeons Bishop Auckland information was compiled on 04-08-2022)